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What's the difference between Anxiety and Depression ?

Updated: Aug 22, 2022

Feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and reduced energy can be termed as depression whereas Anxiety creates feelings of nervousness, worry, or dread. The two conditions are different, although one can have both at the same time. Feeling agitated or restless can also be a symptom of depression.

Feelings of anxiety or depression from time to time is normal but if they happen too often and start to interfere with one’s life then this could be termed a disorder which is treatable.

The doctor will assess the symptoms to determine if an individual has any or both. Some of the treatments are the same for both.

Depression defined ?

Mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest.

Few of the symptoms are Sadness, hopelessness, or anxiousness, Loss of interest in things one enjoyed, lack of energy, eating more or less than what one used to, sleeping too little or too much, Trouble thinking or concentrating

For any of the symptoms to be considered as depression one needs to have them most of the day for at least 2 weeks.

Define Anxiety?

Worry and fear are normal parts of life. When these feelings become excessive, they can be termed as signs of an anxiety disorder.

One may have a problem with anxiety if they often feel, Overwhelmed by worry, Cranky or on edge, Sweaty or shaky or getting out of control.

Few types of anxiety disorders, each with its own symptoms are

Generalized anxiety disorder is when one worries about many different things.

Social anxiety disorder is excessive worry when an individual is around other people.

Panic disorder causes sudden feelings of fear, with symptoms like chest pain and a pounding heart.

Intense fears of places or things, like closed spaces or animals is known as phobia.

Yes they are Different?

Difference between depression and anxiety are the symptoms. Depression is a persistent feeling of sadness. One also has no energy, and you lose interest in activities you once loved. People with depression sometimes think about hurting themselves.

Anxiety involves fear or worry that one can't control. Depending on the type of anxiety an individual has, the worry can surface during everyday activities like meeting new people.

How Are They Related?

Depression and anxiety are very common and often happen together. Data shows that 59% of people with anxiety also have symptoms of depression, and vice versa. Each condition can make symptoms of the other get worse or last longer.

The same genes may be behind both conditions. Stress and trauma early in life can trigger both depression and anxiety. If an individual has anxiety, she/he may be at greater risk for depression. Experts say avoiding the things one fears might lead to depression.

How to Treat Depression and Anxiety?

It can be harder for doctors to diagnose and treat depression and anxiety when they happen together. That's why it's important to tell the doctor about all the symptoms.

The treatment for both anxiety and depression involves talk therapy, medication, or a combination of the two. Cognitive behavioral therapy (#CBT) is one of the main talk therapies. It teaches an individual how to think and behave differently, to stop from triggering of anxiety or depression.

Antidepressants are medicines that treat depression. They change the balance of chemicals in the brain to improve the mood. Anti-anxiety drugs, antidepressants, and beta-blockers are treatments for anxiety.

The sooner an individual starts the treatment, the more likely it will help them. Let the doctor know if the treatment doesn't relieve the symptoms or if it causes side effects.


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